Acne is complicated, existing in many forms and with a whole array of different treatments. It changes as we age, beginning in our teenage years and lasting all the way until menopause, showing different faces with time. Acne is often greatly misunderstood, so OROGOLD looks deeper into acne, to find out more about it.
What Causes Acne?
When both males and females reach between the ages of 10 and 15, they experience a surge of hormones, which stimulates the oil glands on the face, chest, and back to produce more oil. When the extra oil mixes with dead skin cells, they form a plug, in which bacteria begins to grow. The bacteria release chemicals that cause inflammation, which then causes the bacteria, oil and dead skin cells to spill onto the skin, resulting in even more inflammation, as well as swelling and pus. All of this is down to hormones, and acne that occurs later on in life is also usually due to a hormone imbalance. The severity and type of acne depends on how big the initial plug is, as well as how deep within the skin it is.
The Different Types of Acne
There are many different types of acne, each one with their own symptoms and treatments.
Blackheads are extremely common, and usually seen around the nose. They are formed when bacteria, dead skin, and other substances block up the follicles at the surface, resulting in tiny black bumps under the skin.
Whiteheads are small white bumps on the skin, and they are actually oil glands that have gotten clogged up with oil and covered over by the skin. Since the oil cannot reach the surface of the skin, it gets trapped between layers, resulting in the white spots.
Papules appear as small red dots on the skin, and are a type of inflamed acne. OROGOLD recommends that you refrain from touching or picking at these, as this can not only cause more inflammation, making the acne worse, but can also result in scarring.
Unlike papules, pustules are hard to touch, and are an inflamed acne that is usually filled with pus. Showing up as white bumps with a yellow center, pustules can lead to scarring and dark spots if they burst.
A cyst is a type of acne that is quite large, deep and filled with pus. They are usually quite painful to touch, and can result in permanent scarring, which is why OROGOLD would urge you to immediately see a doctor if you discover that you have a cyst.
There are many other types of acne, ranging from mild to severe, but, usually, acne can be controlled. Although you can purchase over-the-counter acne medication, OROGOLD would only suggest doing this if your acne is extremely mild. Since the condition hugely varies from person to person, only a doctor would be able to develop a personalized treatment plan for your acne, helping you to control the problem and prevent the possibility of any permanent scarring.